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A man using TIG welding to weld a metal box. The man is wearing a welding mask.

TIG Welding: Understanding the Basics

A man using TIG welding to weld a metal box.

One of the most common types of welding is TIG welding. Understanding the basics of this method is important for any versatile welder. TIG welding comes with its pros and cons, but when the time comes for you to give it a shot, you need to know the proper steps to take. These are some of the most vital pieces of information you need to know when first learning about TIG welding.

Proper Protective Gear

Wearing the proper protective gear is necessary for all forms of welding, and TIG welding is no exception. The TIG welding process uses a tungsten electrode, which is a radioactive material that can harm you if inhaled. It only emits low levels of radiation, but it’s enough to require the right safety gear.

When TIG welding, always wear a respirator to protect vulnerable parts of your body such as your nose and mouth. You should also make sure your work environment has strong enough ventilation to combat the accumulation of toxic dust during the weld.

Power Levels

TIG welding requires welders to use the minimum power setting. Make sure you can effectively sustain a puddle for your weld at this setting. If not, adjust accordingly, but keep in mind that too much power will cause your weld to burn right through. Thankfully, with the right power levels, you can avoid experiencing accidents like that during your weld.

Keeping the Metal Clean

Producing a strong arc for welding requires clean metal. Make sure to obtain a specific brush for each type of metal, such as aluminum or stainless steel. Dedicating only a few minutes to cleaning off the metal prior to welding will help you achieve a quality weld.

Using the Right Tungsten

When TIG welding, different metals require different types of tungsten. For instance, if you’re TIG welding with an aluminum surface, you should be using green tungsten. On the other hand, TIG welding with steel requires using red tungsten. Whichever metal you’re welding with, make sure you have the correct tungsten for the job.

As you can see from this information regarding TIG welding, understanding the basics of this subject is important for safely and efficiently achieving quality welds. Not only do you need the right knowledge of the subject when you begin TIG welding, but you also need the right tools for the job as well. At Welding for Less, we can supply you with a wide range of gear, such as a TIG welding torch, at the best prices available.

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